Hair loss: causes and treatments
Hair loss can cause many complexes and affect self-esteem especially if it develops into baldness. Even if it is often dictated by genetic factors, baldness is far from being incurable. It is still necessary to identify the cause of hair loss in order to treat it effectively.
What are the causes of hair loss ?
Hair loss can be caused by :
- Genetic and hereditary factors
- Hormonal fluctuations : these can be related to stress, pregnancy, menopause or thyroid problems. Similarly, the change of seasons has an impact on hormonal secretions, hence seasonal hair loss.
- Nutritional deficiencies, particularly iron deficiency
- Certain autoimmune diseases and fungal infections can cause hair loss
- Chemotherapy treatment
- Use of anticoagulant drugs:
- Hair loss and thyroid problems:
Some anticoagulants and many chemotherapy drugs used in cancer treatments are well known to cause hair loss.
The hair usually regrows once the treatment is stopped. Some antidepressants can also cause hair loss.
Men or women who suffer from hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism often experience hair loss due to the accelerated conversion of testosterone to DHT. Even those who are undergoing thyroid treatment are not immune to the hair loss associated with their condition.
Hair loss due to stress is a very common cause, especially in women. Indeed, the stress of daily life can cause hormonal imbalance and/or nutritional deficiency. These two factors are inhibitors of hair growth and regeneration and at the same time stimulators of alopecia areata.
What are the indications for a hair transplant ?
Hair transplant is for those who suffer from androgenetic baldness and are in good health, but for men, it is recommended to opt for it from the age of 30 once their hormonal activity is stabilized.
The phenomenon of permanent hair loss affects mostly men (50% after age 50). Baldness progresses from the forehead and temples to gradually spread over the entire skull. The earlier it appears, the more severe it will be.
Alopecia and hair loss are more diffuse in women and generally occur after menopause because the protective role of female hormones has disappeared. The hair is then more fragile and its lifespan decreases.
Once the baldness is established, the only solution is to opt for a hair transplant procedure which methods have gradually evolved over time such as FUE, FUT or DHI hair transplant. Today they are totally safe and innovative, but for this, the first thing to do is to conult the surgeon to examine you, evaluate your health and tell you which technique is suitable for you.
Hair loss and baldness psychological effects
The main psychological effects of hair loss are:
- Lack of self confidence and the fear of being less attractive:
The most common concern is the common feeling of being physically less attractive, Indeed, an individual can feel diminished and lonely when he suffers from a significant hair loss.
He gradually begins not to recognize himself in the mirror and consequently has the impression that he is no longer what he was.
when we encounter a problem that affects our physical appearance like hair loss, it generates stress that is known to disrupt the hair condition. The more we stress, the more hair we lose and vice versa. Thus, a vicious circle sets in.
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How to treat hair loss ?
There are many solutions to treat hair loss.
When hair loss is minimal or temporary, certain vitamin treatments (food supplements, PRP hair injection...) can strengthen the hair bulb and limit hair loss. Appropriate sprays and anti-hair loss shampoos can also reduce hair loss. However, in cases of alopecia or androgenic baldness, only hair transplant can stimulate hair regrowth and fill in the bald areas of the hair.